No-Fly Zone

   Following the abortive Kurdish uprising against Saddam Hussein in March 1991 and the horrific Kurdish refugee exodus that ensued, the United States, Great Britain, and France
   imposed a no-fly zone above the 36th parallel in Iraq to allow the Kurds to return to their homes without fear of being attacked anymore. The no-fly zone was enforced by allied aircraft based in southeastern Turkey and supposedly sanctioned by UN Security Council Resolution 688 of 5 April 1991, which condemned "the repression of the Iraqi civilian population . . . in Kurdish populated areas" and demanded "that Iraq . . . immediately end this repression."
   Also called Operation Provide Comfort (after 1 January 1997, Operation Northern Watch and without further French participation), the no-fly zone provided the protection and security that allowed the formation of a de facto Kurdish state that covered some 17,000 square miles in much of northern Iraq. The United States and Great Britain also maintained a much less successful no-fly zone over the southern part of Iraq in an attempt to offer some protection to the Iraqi Shiites.
   After the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein, the no-fly zone was no longer necessary and therefore was terminated. In retrospect, it can be considered one of the background actions that eventually resulted in today's Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) becoming a constituent federal state of present-day Iraq.
   See also Gulf War II.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • No-fly zone — This article is about the prevention of flight in a region of airspace by the application or threat of military power. For information on prevention of flight ordinarily enforced by civil regulation or legal means, see Prohibited airspace. A no… …   Wikipedia

  • no-fly zone — /noh fluy / an area over which no military flights are allowed. [1991] * * * no fly zone noun An area in which (esp military) aircraft are not permitted to fly • • • Main Entry: ↑no * * * no fly zone UK US noun [countable] [ …   Useful english dictionary

  • no-fly zone — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms no fly zone : singular no fly zone plural no fly zones an area that a plane must not fly into because it may be attacked by planes belonging to an enemy …   English dictionary

  • no-fly zone — /noˈflaidzon, ingl. nəuˈflaɪzəun/ [loc. ingl., propr. «zona (zone) con divieto (no) di volo (fly)»] loc. sost. f. inv. zona di non sorvolo …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • no-fly zone — no fly zones N COUNT A no fly zone is an area of sky where military and other aircraft are not allowed to fly, especially because of a war …   English dictionary

  • no-fly zone — no fly ,zone noun count an area that an airplane must not fly into because it may be attacked by airplanes belonging to an enemy …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • no-fly zone — /noʊ ˈflaɪ zoʊn/ (say noh fluy zohn) noun an area over which all or specified aircraft are forbidden to fly: *The no fly zone around the Statue of Liberty was imposed yesterday and bans flights within one nautical mile of the monument until… …   Australian English dictionary

  • no-fly zone — no fly .zone n an area that only particular aircraft are allowed to enter, and in which other aircraft could be attacked …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • no-fly zone — no′ fly′ zone n. mil an area over which no military flights are allowed • Etymology: 1991 …   From formal English to slang

  • no-fly zone — noun an airspace in which aircraft, especially military aircraft, are forbidden to fly …   Wiktionary

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